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Malopolskie voivodship - economy

Send Print Download added: Marek Martynowicz | 2017-11-28 10:39:53
malopolskie voivodship, malopolska region, malopolska, krakow, economy, economic data,

Selected data of the Malopolska Region

Małopolskie Voivodship



Total area of the voivodeship

15,183 sq. km

Number of citizens:
- in urban areas


49.4 %

Population per 1 km2

223 people/sq. km

Principal city


Bigger cities in the voivodeship

Tarnów, Nowy Sącz, Oświęcim, Chrzanów, Olkusz, Nowy Targ, Bochnia, Gorlice, Zakopane, Skawina, Wieliczka, Andrychów, Trzebinia, Wadowice, Kęty, Myślenice, Libiąż, Brzesko, Limanowa;

Special Economic Zones

Kraków Special Economic Zone

Katowice Special Economic Zone

EURO-PARK Mielec Special Economic Zone

Industrial & Technology Parks

Kraków Technology Park

Tarnów Science and Technology Park

Jagiellonian Center of Innovation - Techonology Park Life Science in Kraków

Małopolska Information Technology Park in Kraków

Regional Investor Assistance Centre

Business in Małopolska Centre


International airport

Kraków Airport


Małopolska Region is located in the central-southern part of the country. In terms of economic development, the region is one of the most diverse regions in Poland. Situated at the crossing point of communication routes between the West (Austria, Germany) and the East (Ukraine), the North (Scandinavian countries) and the South (Slovakia, Hungary), it has exceptional assets and each year attracts 10 - 12 million tourists, new investments and young people studying at regional universities.



The main sectors of the regional economy:

  • automotive industry - MAN, Delphi, Valeo, Mitsui, Shougang Corporation, Brembo, NIDEC, Mabuchi Motor,
  • metallurgical industry - Arcelor Mittal, Vesuvius, F&P Holding, Silgan, Amcor,
  • chemical industry - St. Gobain, Air Liquide, Braxair, Lurgi, Grupa Azoty, Synthos S.A., Alwernia S.A. Chemical Company, Trzebinia Rafinery S.A., Fagumit / FTT Wolbrom,
  • energy industry - ČEZ, PSEG Global,
  • food industry - Balhsen, Coca Cola, Dan Cake, Carslberg, The Nut Company, Maspex Wadowice Group, Wawel S.A., Koral, KHNO POLAN Ltd, Roleski, Teekane,
  • trade - Carrefour, Auchan, Metro, Ikea, Tesco, Jeronimo Martins, Tengelmann, Kingfisher, Schwarz Gruppe,
  • new technologies sector - Motorola, Cisco, ABB, IBM, Luxoft, ComArch, CD Project, Nokia,
  • biotechnology sector including medical and pharmaceutical industry - TEVA Group, Selvita, Silvermedia, Bielenda Natural Cosmetics, Farmina.



Economic Potential

Małopolska is one of the leading Polish regions in terms of economic development. The region's GDP is 7.7 % of the national GDP. Region takes the 5th position among Polish voivodeships in terms of contribution to the national GDP*.


Małopolska is rich in natural resources, especially in sandstone, limestone, marl, dolomite, porphyry, melaphyre, diabase, and tuffs deposits as well as clays for construction ceramics. Medicinal and thermal waters are an important element of the resource base of the region.


Low unemployment rate (09.2017) in Krakow – 3.0 %, in Małopolska region – 5.5 %, in Poland – 6.8 %.


Average monthly gross wages and salaries in the enterprise sector (PLN) in September 2017: Krakow – 4,975,81, Malopolska – 4,380,87, Poland – 4,472.83.


Over 350 thousand business entities operates in Małopolska, including about 97% in the private sector - 4th place in Poland.

The level of entrepreneurship in the Małopolska region - 64.1%



Strenghts of the Region

  • Małopolska is one of the leading Polish regions in terms of economic potential and investment attractiveness
  • Good communication accessibility and location at the intersection of the international transit routes
  • Availability of public support for investors, among others, through a special economic zone and a number of business support institutions
  • Małopolska is one of the most important Polish Bio-Regions with high potential for development of life sciences with well-developed medical facilities
  • The best place in Central - Eastern Europe for BPO & SSC investments
  • Modern infrastructure for personnel training and operation of companies in the ICT industry
  • High potential for energy technology research
  • Good infrastructure facilities for creative industries (museums, libraries) - Kraków is one of the most important industrial designers education centres in Poland
  • Very well developed scientific and research - development facilities
  • High availability of university graduates in the fields of engineering - technical and biological
  • A wide range of real estate
  • The natural wealth of Małopolska - geothermal resources
  • High quality of life



Sectors with huge potential

Małopolska has a high potential for scientific research and higher education - Kraków is the second center for research - development in Poland.

29 higher education institutions and universities, representing 7.1% of all higher education institutions in Poland. Over 180 thousand students and more than 55 thousand graduates per year.

In 2013, over 25 % of entrepreneurs’ spendings on innowations were allocated on R&D (1st place in the country).[1]

More than 100 research - development centres including Foundry Research Institute, Institute of Forensic Research, Institute of Oil and Gas, Institute of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies. In addition, numerous research and design centres of international companies: ABB, Google, Cisco, CH2M, Teva R&D Centre, Comarch R&D Centre, SYNTHOS R&D Centre, Delphi Technical Centre, Sabre Software Development Centre.

Financial outlays on R & D place the Region on the 2nd position in the country.



Małopolskie future industries:

  • Biotechnology and Life Sciences,
  • Sustainable Energy,
  • ICT / BPO / SSC,
  • Chemistry industry,
  • Manufacture of basic metals and metal products,
  • Electrical and mechanical engineering,
  • Creative industries, including leisure industry.


Biotechnology & Life Science

The capital of the Małopolska region - Kraków - becomes a powerful centre for the biotechnology industry. Each year there is more and more young biotechnology graduates on the market.

A significant proportion of biology students - 18% of the total number of students in these fields in the country.

Biotech companies in the region - Selvita, TEVA Group, BioCentrum, Bielenda Natural Cosmetics, Farmina, LuxMed, MicroBioLab, Silvermedia, Herbapol


Balanced Energy

Małopolska takes a number of actions to implement a comprehensive energy-efficient solution.

The graduates of engineering and technology in the field of sustainable energy of the region represent 8% of the graduates of this type of courses in Poland - 3rd place in the country.



According to ranking TOP 100 Outsourcing Destinations Ranking - Global Services and Tholons 2016 Krakow was ranked for the third time in a row among the 9 most attractive cities in the world for investments in the outsourcing sector, which means 1st place amongst European cities. In the Tholons Services Globalization Index 2017 ranking Krakow was overtaken in Europe by Dublin, but globally was promoted one position, to 8th place.


In the capital of Malopolska there are more than 54 BPO companies, including: Capegemini, Shell, Philip Morris, Lufthansa, Amway, UBS, Electrolux, State Street, Heineken, HCL Technologies, Capita Group, Rolls & Royce, Nokia Solutions and Networks, Cathay Pacific.

There are over 160 companies operating in the BPO / SSC / IT branches in Malopolska, employing over 60,000 people.*


According to the Top 100 Outsourcing Destinations Ranking - Global Services and Tholons ranking, Kraków was among the 9 most attractive cities in the world for investment in the sector outsourcing - Kraków takes the 1st place in Europe.

The capital of Małopolska is home to more than 100 BPO companies, including: Capegemini, Shell, Philip Morris, Lufthansa, Amway, UBS, Electrolux, State Street, Heineken, HCL Technologies, Capita Group, EDF, Rolls&Royce, Nokia Siemens Networks, Cathay Pacific.


Małopolska ranks number 1 in Poland in terms of the number of students in the ICT industry - 12% of all ICT-related graduates in Poland. Furthermore, Małopolska is at the second position among the regions with the highest rate of employment in the ICT sector.

2 of the 3 most popular web portals in Poland are based in Kraków - and Kraków is a place of residence of the fastest growing companies in the Polish ICT sector: ComArch, Motorola, IBM, Delphi, CD Project.


Chemical industry

The chemical industry is an important branch of Małopolska economy. The chemical plants located in Tarnów, Oświęcim and Alwernia are significant employers in the region and a manufacturers of a strategic role for the Polish economy. As many as 93% of Małopolska companies operating in the chemical sector have introduced innovations in the years 2010-2012.

The largest regional companies in the chemical industry include: Grupa Azoty S.A., Synthos S.A., Alwernia Chemical Plant S.A., Trzebinia Refinery S.A.


Manufacture of basic metals and metal products

This industry has a big impact on the export of the Małopolska region - aluminium and articles of aluminium are among most important export commodities.

The share of Małopolska export in the precious metals and products export is 6.9%.


Electrical and mechanical engineering

In addition to the large significance for employment in the region, the goods produced by those industries remain the pillars of Małopolska exports.

Electrical machinery and devices and machine vehicles are the most important export products of Małopolska - 5th place in the country.

Share the Małopolska exports in the sector stands at 5.6%.


Creative and leisure industry

The creative sector includes the production, manufacture, exhibiting and sale of goods protected by copyright, as well as cultural activities and tourism.

A high percentage of arts students in the Region - 13.3% of all students in the arts faculties in Poland - studied in Małopolska.

The emerging Małopolska Creativity and Design Centre will support the use of high quality industrial design in the economy and promote region as a centre of design and creative industries.



Selected higher education institutions


Stanisław Staszic University of Science and Technology in Kraków (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. St. Staszica)

selected faculties: automatics and robotics, construction, electronics and telecommunication, geodesy and cartography, mining and geology, information technology, materials engineering, metallurgy, chemical technology


Tadeusz Kosciuszko Cracow University of Technology (Politechnika Krakowska im. Tadeusza Kościuszki)

selected faculties: architecture and development, automatics and robotics, construction, electrical engineering, energy, information technology, chemistry and process engineering, mechanics and machine construction, environment protection, logistic,


Jagiellonian University in Kraków (Uniwersytet Jagielloński)

selected faculties: administration, biotechnology, economics, information technology pedagogy, management, public heath, law


Collegium Medicum UJ

Selected faculties: surgery, dentistry, cardiology, pharmacy, health sciences


Hugon Kołłątaj Academy of Agriculture (Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja)

selected faculties: biotechnology, economics, geodesy and cartography, environmental engineering, forestry, horticulture, agriculture, agricultural and forestry technology, animal husbandry.


Cracow University of Economics (Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny)

selected faculties: economics, finance and banking, spatial management, information technology and econometrics






Business in Małopolska Centre

ul. Podole 60

PL 31-394 Kraków

phone.: +48 12 620 91 40



Acting under the Business in Malopolska Centre in Krakow

Investor and Exporter Service Centre (COIE)

ul. Podole 60

PL 31-394 Kraków

phone.: +48 12 620 91 44


address for correspondence:

Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Małopolskiego

Departament Rozwoju Gospodarczego

ul. Racławicka 56

PL 30-017 Kraków

phone.: +48 12 630 34 44

fax: +48 12 630 34 45





The Marshal Office of the Małopolska Region

Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Małopolskiego

ul. Basztowa 22

PL 31-156 Kraków

address for correspondence:

Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Małopolskiego

ul. Racławicka 56

PL 30-017 Kraków

phone.: +48 12 630 31 07

fax: +48 12 630 31 26



Governor’s Office of the Małopolska Region

Małopolski Urząd Wojewódzki
ul. Basztowa 22

PL 31-156 Kraków

phone: +48 12 392 11 04

fax: +48 12 392 19 99














November, 2017


[1] Updated diagnosis depth innovation economy Malopolska - Working prepared for work the Regional Innovation Strategy of the Malopolska Region for 2014-2020, Kraków 2015


Malopolskie ENG - economic data
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Malopolskie ENG - investors
pdf | 194.95 KB
Malopolskie ENG - higher education
pdf | 197.99 KB