Kraków with 766,700 residents is a showcase of Małopolska and Poland, PAP/Stanisław Rozpędzik
Małopolska is located in the southern part of Poland, bordering the Slovak Republic. The capital of the region is Kraków (766,700 residents). Other large cities of Małopolska are Tarnów (110.1 thousand), Nowy Sącz (84,000), Oświęcim (39,000), and Chrzanów (47,500).
The Małopolska voivodship covers the area of 15 183 sq. km, which is 4.9 percent. area of the country and places the region on the 12th place in Poland. Among the 182 municipalities of the voivodship there are 46 urban-rural communes, 14 municipalities and 122 rural communes.
3.4 million people live in Małopolska, which gives it 4th place in Poland. Małopolska is one of the 16 Polish provinces created as a result of the 1999 administrative reform. Its composition included the then Krakow and Nowy Sącz provinces as well as parts of the following provinces: Bielsko, Kielce, Katowice, Krosno and Tarnów. The province is the heir to the traditions of the former historic Krakow province. This also applies to the coat of arms, whose historical origin dates back to the second half of the fourteenth century, that is, the reign of Casimir the Great. The coat of arms was identical to the coat of arms of the king and the Kingdom of Poland. The Krakow region used the coat of arms with the highest symbolic content, indicating its first position among the lands of the Kingdom. The Małopolska Voivodeship, as the only one, has the right to have the emblem of the Polish State in its coat of arms.
Małopolska is a historic area located on the Małopolska Upland and partly in the Western Carpathians. It abounds in unique monuments and numerous natural peculiarities. The region is one of the most attractive tourist areas in the country. There are eight of 18 places in Poland listed on the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. In Krakow, only within the medieval walls, survived 300 historic tenements, 58 churches and palaces. The Old Town Square, with an area of 4 hectares, is the largest market square in medieval Europe.
Małopolska universities are the main potential for the development of modern economy. Kraków is the second, the most important academic center next to Warsaw. In 2016/2017, 168,1 thousand students studied at 29 higher education institutions based in the Małopolska voivodeship. students, by 4.2% (7.5 thousand) less than in the previous year. 74.4% studied at full-time studies. people, ie by 1.5% more than in the academic year 2015/2016. A 1.5% fewer students than a year ago used the non-stationary form of studies. The students studying at public universities constituted 86% of all students (the same as in the previous year).
In terms of the number of students in the academic year 2016/2017, the largest university was the Jagiellonian University, where 40,905 students were educated at 15 faculties, which constituted 24.3% of all students, and 28.3% of students of public higher schools. The second position was held by the AGH University of Science and Technology Stanisława Staszica in Kraków (28.7 thousand people, 19.8% students of public higher schools), Cracow University of Economics (19.7 thousand and 13.6%), Cracow University of Technology named after Tadeusz Kościuszko (14.6 thousand and 10.1%), Pedagogical University named after National Education Commission in Krakow (14.6 thousand and 10%), University of Agriculture named after Hugo Kołłątaj in Krakow (9,400 and 6,5%). The first Pozracraksk public university in this ranking was the State Higher Vocational School in Tarnów (3.9 thousand), the next - State Higher Vocational School in Nowy Sącz (3.5 thousand). The largest non-public university in the academic year 2016/2017 was the Krakow Academy. Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski (7.9 thousand students).
According to the report "Characteristics of human resources of Małopolska. Kraków and the Kraków Land District "prepared by the Provincial Labor Office in Krakow in 2012, Krakow along with the land poviat is the most developed and the most innovative area in Małopolska. More than 1 million people live in this area and in subsequent years this number, mainly due to the Krakow poviat, will increase.
Sukiennice is one of the most famous monuments of Krakow, PAP Stanisław Rozpędzik
The Krakow poviat is an important resource for Krakow. On the one hand - there are many commuters there, or school to Krakow. On the other - it is becoming more and more a place to locate new investments for which there is a lack of space in a strongly urbanized city. Inhabitants of Krakow more and more often commute to companies in Skawina, Zielonki, Zabierzów and other neighboring municipalities.
The demographic trends observed and forecast for the poviat can be classified as moderately favorable against the background of the wider situation in the region and in the country. In the years 1995-2010, the population of the Krakow poviat increased by 11%, and Krakow by more than 1%. In the following years, according to the demographic forecasts of the Central Statistical Office, this trend is expected to continue. In 2035, the population of the Krakow poviat in comparison to 2010 will increase by about 8%, and Krakow by another 1%.
The Krakow poviat is and will be in the future the second (after Wieliczka) fastest-growing area of the Małopolska province in terms of population. At the same time, however, there will be rapid aging of the communities of both poviats.
According to the report of the Voivodship Labor Office, in terms of economic activity of the population, Kraków and the Kraków poviat belong to the areas distinguishing themselves from the background of the Małopolskie Voivodeship. The educational structure of the inhabitants of Krakow and the Krakowski poviat is beneficial.
In Krakow, the largest group are people with higher education - 21 percent. and secondary vocational - 21.6 percent. General secondary education has 17 percent. Inhabitants of the Krakow poviat have mainly basic vocational education - 31.6 percent, as well as basic completed - 32 percent, secondary vocational - 17.6 percent.
The structure of companies by employment size classes shows the dominance of microenterprises, ie the smallest companies, employing up to nine employees. In total, companies in Krakow and the Krakow poviat constitute 42.3 percent. of all companies registered in Małopolska, which is the best result in the region and indicates a strong dominance of the capital of the voivodship in terms of small entrepreneurship.
The structure of companies according to REGON for individual sections of business activity shows a very high degree of Krakow specialization in service activities, with a small share of construction companies. The Krakow Poviat and the city of Krakow in the context of the Małopolskie Voivodeship are characterized by a very high number of jobs created as a result of new foreign investments (greenfield), as well as existing ones in which foreign capital (brownfield) has become involved. Both poviats together constitute the largest concentration of jobs in companies with foreign capital in Małopolska.
Famous and recognized
The region was connected with such famous people as: Pope John Paul II, General Józef Bem, Roman Ingarden, Tadeusz Kantor, Jan Kiepura, Tadeusz Kosciuszko, Jan Matejko, Józef Mehoffer, Helena Modrzejewska, Sławomir Mrożek, Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Ludwik Solski, Wisława Szymborska, Józef Tischner, and Stanisław Witkiewicz.